Hemodialysis is the most common type of therapy for kidney failure. Dialysis is an alternative method of removing waste products and excess fluid from the bloodstream when a patient’s kidneys are no longer able to complete this function. A dialysis machine is an artificial kidney which cleanses the blood. Throughout the course of hemodialysis, blood is drawn from the patient into the dialysis machine, blood circulated through a special filter of a dialysis machine, and then returned to the patient.
Type of vascular access
There are three types of vascular access: Venous catheter, arteriovenous fistula, and arteriovenous graft Venous Catheter: A venous catheter is a plastic tube which is inserted into a large vein, usually in the neck. The external segment of the catheter is exposed on the chest wall that permits the tubing for the dialysis machine to be connected. Venous Catheter usually placed when urgent dialysis is needed and while the patient waiting for permanent Arteriovenous Fistula to mature and be ready to use for hemodialysis Arteriovenous Fistula: Fistula is a surgical procedure connects your artery and vein. Fistula is the best option for hemodialysis because it is your own tissue which means longer life for the dialysis access, less infection and clotting.
Arteriovenous Graft: This option uses a tube to connect your artery and vein under the skin. A graft usually requires supplementary maintenance, A.V Graft naturally last for several years. Hemodialysis treatments are administered by devoted well-trained medical professionals and highly- skilled registered nurses.
The arm with the vascular access should not be used for blood draws or blood pressure measurements injections and should not be slept on or used to carry heavy items. Clothing or accessories worn on the arm should be loose and non-constricting the area over the access should be kept clean. Hemodialysis treatments are administered by devoted well-trained medical professionals and highly- skilled registered nurses.
Nephronics apply the State-of-the-art dialysis machines. Advanced features available on the machines include volumetric ultra-filtration control, online monitoring of dialysis adequacy and biofeedback control.